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Products /Scintillation Crystal
NaI(Tl) and Polyscin® NaI(Tl)
Sodium Iodide
Scintillation Material
Of all available scintillators, NaI(Tl) is the most extensively used material. NaI(Tl) has a very high luminescence (scintillation) efficiency and is available in single crystal or polycrystalline forms in a wide variety of sizes and geometries. The material exhibits no significant self-absorption of the scintillation light.
Single Crystal NaI(Tl) –
Figure 1 shows the emission spectrum of NaI(Tl). The emission maximum is well matched to the sensitivity curve of photomultiplier tubes (PMTs) with bialkali photocathodes.
NaI(Tl) produces one of the highest signals in a PMT per amount of radiation absorbed. It is second only to our BrilLanCe®380 scintillator.Under optimum conditions, an average of 1×104 photoelectrons are produced per MeV γ-rays.
The relation between the scintillation intensity and the temperature is shown in Figure 2 for two main amplifier shaping times. For most applications, a 1 μs shaping time is used for temperatures around room temperature and above. The small difference in PH between the 1μs and 12μs shaping times does not affect energy resolution for these temperatures.
NaI(Tl) exhibits several decay time constant components. The primary single exponential decay constant is 250ns at room temperature. As the temperature increases, the longer time constant components decrease in intensity and the 1μs and 12μs response curves become identical (Figure 2). The relation between the effective decay time and the temperature is presented in Figure 3. Na(Tl) is susceptible to radiation damage,i.e. prolonged exposure to intense radiation degrades the scintillation performance. Radiation damage has been observed above levels of 1 Gray (102 rad).The crystal should not be exposed to ultraviolet radiation from fluorescent lamps or sunlight.
Scintillation crystals of Na(Tl) are routinely grown with a potassium content of less than 0.5 ppm, and are appropriate for low background applications.
NaI(Tl) crystals are widely used for radiation detection: in nuclear medicine, for environmental monitoring, in nuclear physics, aerial survey, well logging and in many other applications.
NaI(Tl) and Polyscin® NaI(Tl)
Sodium Iodide
Scintillation Material
Polyscin® NaI(Tl) –
Polyscin® NaI(Tl) crystals are widely recognized as suitable alternatives to single crystal scintillators in many applications where thermal and mechanical shock are encountered. This crystal offers ruggedness combined with a scintillation performance identical to single crystal NaI(Tl). Current applications include aerospace research, oil well logging, geophysical survey and radiation environmental monitoring.
The polycrystalline structure of Polyscin® NaI(Tl) is derived from a unique manufacturing process in which single crystal ingots are recrystallized under heat and pressure. The resulting material may be characterized as a polycrystalline material with randomly oriented crystal grains in a mosaic structure. The density of NaI is not changed in the process. The characteristic improves mechanical strength but has no effect on the scintillation performance since the material is optically equivalent to single crystal NaI(Tl).
Any fractures produced by thermal or mechanical shock in Polyscin® NaI(Tl) are normally blocked or confined to the small local volumes called grains. Because the cleavage planes of the grains are randomly oriented, it is unlikely that a small fracture would propagate across the grain boundaries. This makes Polyscin® NaI(Tl) the material of choice where ruggedness is important,such as well logging, MWD and aerospace applications.
In contrast, single crystals can cleave along ‹100› planes under similar shock conditions. In a detector assembly fabricated from single crystal material, even a small crack may propagate along the entire crystal, interfering with the light collection and degrading the pulse height resolution.
Another feature of Polyscin® NaI(Tl) is the possibility to manufacture complicated detector geometries directly without extensive machining. Special geometries currently offered include hexagonal, square and rectangular detector assemblies and large diameter slabs.
Polyscin® NaI(Tl) has been used to construct long crystals of 10×10×100cm3 (4"×4"×40") and large flat crystals of 60cm×90cm area (24"×36"). The use of long continuous bars eliminates the discontinuity encountered by interfacing two or more shorter crystals, improving the scintillation characteristics. Long crystals may be used as position sensitive detectors while at the same time providing spectroscopic data. Detectors of this kind have been fabricated in steel and low background aluminum housings.

Properties of crystal


 Density(g/cm3)  3.67
 Hardness (Moh)  2.1
 Cleavage  100
 Melting point(℃)  651
 Maximum emission(nm)  415
Refractive Index  1.85
 Light output(Photons/Mev)  38,000
 Expansion coefficient(/K)  47.4 x10-6
 Decay constant(ns)  250

Products list:
 model  Shell Size(House)  Crystal Size   
 Diameter × Length  Diameter × Length Shell Material
 ST-1  15*138  11*120  Aluminum alloy
 12*180  Aluminum alloy
 ST-3  18*180  13*160  Aluminum alloy
 ST-4  25*150  21*133  Stainless steel
 ST-5  26*318  21*300  Aluminum alloy
 ST-6  28*168  23*150  Aluminum alloy
 ST-7  28*220  23*200  Aluminum alloy
 ST-8  31*160  25*140  Titanium alloy
 ST-9  31*175  26*160  Stainless steel
 ST-10  44*168  38*150  Aluminum alloy
 ST-11  47*168  40*150  Stainless steel
 ST-12  47*220  40*200  Stainless steel
 ST-13  54*300  48*282  Stainless steel
 ST-14  57*324  50*300  Stainless steel
NOTICE: We can customize various sizes of crystals according to the demand of the customers. 
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